Instep Podiatry/Chiropody Clinic
Common Foot Problems
Callus is caused by excess pressure on any part of the foot.
Corns develop at the point of greatest pressure and have a centre called a nucleus. They may occur anywhere on a foot; on top of the toes, in between toes, on the ball of the foot and heels.
Callus and corns usually respond to regular treatment and relief is generally felt immediately.
Ingrowing Toe Nails (Onychocryptosis)
Ingrowing toe nails occur when a spike or edge of the nail cuts into the skin, causing the skin to become red and inflamed. The toe bleeds easily and can become infected with pus being present. The condition is extremely painful. If not too serious the condition can be treated in clinic with good result. Antibiotics may sometimes be needed from the GP if the infection has spread.
Involuted nails are nails which have become extremely curved and pinch the skin. This is usually a genetic condition and regular Chiropody treatment will maintain them and prevent problems. Involuted nails are often regularly confused with ingrowing nails but they may become ingrown if they are not correctly cut.
Thickened Nails (Onychogryphosis).
Nails become thickened due to damage to the nail bed which may be a one off trauma or repetitive long term pressure. Footwear can cause pain due to increased pressure. Nails can be painlessly thinned to gain relief.
Sweaty Feet (Hyperhidrosis)
Hyperhidrosis is the medical term for sweaty feet, excessive perspiration of the foot which can be improved with the appropriate treatment and advice from the chiropodist.
Athletes Foot (Fungal Infection)
Athletes Foot is a fungal infection, which causes severe itching, irritation and scaling of the skin, especially in between the toes. Nails can also become infected with fungal spores which leads to thickening and discolouration.
Hallux Valgus is the medical term for bunion, this is a bony deformity of the 1st Metatarsal Phalangeal joint. This is the joint that is at the base of the big toe. Usually caused by the way the foot works and compensates for irregularities elsewhere in the foot.
Verrucae are the same as warts but given a different name on the foot. They are caused by a virus and can be infectious. They are very common in young adults and children, being less frequent in middle and old age. Some Verrucae can be painful depending on the site they appear on the foot. They can sometimes resolve spontaneously but some require treatment. Usually we treat with cryotherapy (freezing with nitrogen).
Chilblains are itchy and painful red swellings on the skin. If they break open they can be difficult to heal so they need to be treated with chilblain cream. If you are prone to chilblains, prevention is best; keep feet and ankles warm and dry. Chilblains usually occur when weather is cold.
Plantar Faciitis (Heel Pain)
This condition usually manifests as a pain in the heel felt particularly on first getting up after a rest. It is a temporary condition and generally responds to treatment with insoles and exercises